Pro riders in the stage race Le Dauphine. Gary, who sent me the photo & wrote today's story, notes: You can't pick him out in the photo, but this year's Tour de France winner, Cadel Evans is in this peloton, along with Alberto Contador, who won the previous three Tour de France races.
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le peloton (peuh lohtohn)
: a large group of bicycle riders in a road race
Also: Peloton is also a military word referring to a group of soldiers. Examples would be peloton d’instruction and peloton d’execution. (Thank you, Bill Blank, for this info)
Le peloton est un terme sportif qui désigne un groupe de coureurs qui demeurent ensemble au cours d'une épreuve. "Peloton" is a sporting term that designates a group of racers that remain together during an event.
Cycling: Unwritten Etiquette and Rules of the Road
....by Gary McClelland
Le Mont Ventoux, or le géant de Provence, beautifully on display for wine tasters at Domaine Rouge-Bleu, attracts bicyclists from all over the world who want to challenge themselves on the hors catégorie climb used 14 times in le Tour de France. They also enjoy the gentler rides cycling past the purple lavender, yellow sunflowers and brume, green vineyards under blue skies, while listening to the chanting cigales and smelling the natural perfumes of Provence. French is at best a second language for the visiting cyclists so except for bonjour, bonne route, and allez, there often is not much verbal communication. However, good cyclists know the unwritten etiquette and rules of the road. In biking around Provence on a recent trip with my friend Tim, I experienced a number of examples of the unspoken etiquette.
When I stopped for a minor roadside adjustment, a lovely French women rode into the gap between Tim and me as we climbed over a little col. When I passed her to catch up with Tim, elle a pris ma roue (she "took my wheel”, or rode closely behind me) in the universal request to be paced if I were willing. I nodded agreement and wordlessly we were off on a brisk but not frantic ascent to the col. On a climb the wind drafting advantages are not substantial, but the mental benefit of having someone set a good pace can be enormous. Using the retroviseur attached to my sunglasses, I adjusted my pace to maintain a constant gap between us. As we arrived at the summit sooner than either of us would have alone, she said, “Merci beaucoup, vous êtes très gentil.” (I try to collect très gentil compliments when I’m in France.) I briefly considered continuing to ride with her but that would have violated the important etiquette that riders who start together finish together. As I slowed, I told her that I needed to await mon copain. Later we encountered her as we biked in opposite directions and she threw me a warm smile, a big wave, and a cheery bonne route that gladdened an old man’s heart.
One evening climbing the same col from the other direction, on a short, quick ride before dinner, I rode up behind two local racers, who were, according to their jerseys, sponsored by a plumber in nearby Caromb. They were chatting during what seemed to be an after work ride. I knew the etiquette that trying to pass them would be challenging them to a race. But I wanted to get back to fix my appetizer of melon halves from Cavaillon filled with muscat from Beaume de Venise. I tried to ease by with a calm “bon soir” but the flag was immediately down and we were flying up the col. I edged out the 3rd rider to finish a distant second to the faster rider. Then we said hearty bonne soirées and went our separate ways knowing proper etiquette had been followed. The melons were delicious.
Un peloton looking for refreshment in Bedoin. Gary admits: "I wouldn't try to pass these guys on ride!"
Riding north one morning into a strong mistral wind, I taught Tim the etiquette of drafting. Following closely in the slipstream of the lead rider reduces the effort by as much as 30 percent. Drafting is just because the riders getting the benefit take all the risk—touching tires can send the trailing rider to the ground but not the leader. There is a fine art to being close enough but not too close. The important etiquette is realizing that when the leader flicks his elbow he is asking the follower to take a turn leading into the wind. By switching leaders at each elbow flick, a peloton can slice through the wind amazingly quickly.
Gary notes, "my friend Derek fixes a crevé below the castle of Le Barroux"
The most important etiquette is that a bicyclist in dépannage knows that other riders will soon stop to help. When I was on my first ride with the local Bedoin Randonneurs bike club, j’ai crevé. Not wanting to slow them down, I urged them on but they wouldn’t think of violating the etiquette that we would all finish together. However, Roger was not happy with my slow tire-changing pace so offered to take over. Another rider told me to just let him do it, “he changes all our tires.” In the blink of the eye, my tube was replaced and we were on our way to a beautiful ride in the Provençal countryside. And we did finish together. Knowing proper etiquette makes a cyclist part of an international community biking in Provence.
Le Coin Commentaires
Did you enjoy Gary's article? Please help me to thank him, now, by leaving "un petit mot", a little word, in the comments corner. You might also share your own bike-riding stories. Click here.
Gary McClelland is a professor of psychology and marketing at the University of Colorado, who became a Francophile while spending a summer as a student in Paris in 1967.
Photo credits: The cycling photos were taken by Gary or by Gary's wife, Lou, or their friend Terry Mattison. Read another story by Gary (about Pétanque" : read it here.)
Gary notes: one of my favorite places to bike for its color and scenery is the Dentelles... note the yellow and fragrant genêt, or broom. Besides me, the people are Lily Welch and Terry Mattison (this note corresponds to the third photo, below left). The village is Suzette.
Click on the following photos to enlarge them.
le géant de Provence = the giant of Provence (synonym for Mont Ventoux, or "Mount Windy")
hors categorie = beyond categorization
le Tour de France = an annual cycling race in France and other countries
la cigale = cicada
bonjour = hello
bonne route = have a good ride
allez! = come on, let's go! get a move on! go for it!
le col = pass (geography)
le rétroviseur = rearview mirror
Merci beaucoup, vous êtes très gentil = thanks, very kind of you
le copain = buddy, friend
le bonsoir = hello (used in an evening greeting)
bonne soirée = have a nice evening
le dépannage = fixing, repairing
j'ai crevé = I have a flat (tire)
Related Story: Vélo: Mom talks me into buying a bike "for the endorphins it will bring!".... read the story here.
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